There is an alarming rise in dengue fever case in few countries. Dengue is an infectious disease caused by a virus. Common in warm, wet areas, a person can get it if he or she is bitten by an infected mosquito. Outbreaks happen during the rainy season. Some dengue infections are severe and cause bleeding from nose, gums or under skin. Severe dengue can also cause massive bleeding and shock, which is life-threatening.
Symptoms of classic dengue fever usually start within four to seven days with symptoms like fever, nausea and vomiting, pain behind the eye, severe headache, severe joint and muscle pain.
At the moment, there is no dengue vaccine available yet worldwide. Currently, a few dengue vaccine trials are ongoing in many countries. In the absence of a vaccine, many diagnosed with the disease are already accepting traditional treatment such as papaya leaf juice at hospitals and treatment at home. Papaya leaves juice significantly accelerates the increase in platelet count among patients with dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever.
However, papaya leaves juice is only a supplement that gives supportive effect and it is therefore not a treatment. Patients still need to seek proper treatment in hospitals to prevent dengue complications such as multi-organ failure, shock syndrome and bleeding.
Aedes mosquito not only bites when we are awake and active, it also breeds in any place that can collect water. Hence this makes the prevention and control of dengue fever far more difficult compared to malaria.
As there is no cure or vaccine available for dengue, it is important to take environmental cleanliness initiatives with public participation. This will most often involve health education, source reduction, and environmental cleanliness activities. Examples of CSR programmes like “Dengue Free Coimbatore” and “Dengue Awareness among School Students” organised by RK ecran in association with “Coimbatore Corporation” and “The Hindu news daily” can create awareness among the public. Objective of such event is to spread the dengue message to everyone and emphasize what each and every one of us can do to fight dengue.
Aedes mosquitoes will lay eggs three times over the course of their lives, and spawns about 100 eggs each time. Eggs can lie dormant in dry conditions up to nine months and can hatch if conditions become favorable again.